Marxist-anarchist philosopher, communist.
CHAUVIN DAY, the patron saint of all Chauvinists.
Florida, New York: OUR LADY OF THE FLOWERS Festival, with Polish Celebrants parading in floats, & picking of an Onion Queen. A blessing of herbs & spices.
Loule, Portugal: ASSUMPTION DAY. The ascension of the Virgin Mary bodily into Heaven. Votive lights, skyrockets, brass band plays while running uphill to the shrine. Hundreds of guitars, bagpipes, drums, & a definite "pagan" flavor.
FIRST FRUITS FESTIVAL in the Scottish Highlands: hand-picked, sun-dried corn is ground in a quern, kneaded in a sheep skin & made into a bannock, baked over a fire of rowan wood.
DORMITION OF THEOTOKOS.
US: NATIONAL RELAXATION DAY.
US: NATIONAL FAILURES DAY
778 -- Roncevalles: Charlemagne's rear guard, returning from Spain, attacked by Basques; Death of Roland.
1515 -- A "forger of coins" is executed in the "Iron Maiden of Nuremberg."
1623 -- Spain: Male impersonator Catalina de Erauzo is convicted of murder. Led a life of adventure & earned a reputation for gambling, dueling & purse-snatching. Fought & won innumerable duels, killing at least seven people. In one fight, she stabbed three men to death. She avoids execution by revealing her sex. Freed & given permission to wear men's clothing, the Pope absolves her of her sins.
[Insurgent Radio Kiosk]
1750 -- French revolutionary & poet Sylvain Maréchal
lives. Can be labeled an anarchiste avant la lettre, although the Marxists also claim him. Created a Revolutionary Calendar. & you thought the Daily Bleed
had no rivals....
Sylvain Marechal was a poet whose Manifest of the Equals was too much even for the egalitarian conspiracy of Gracchus Babeuf. He also authored Almanach des Honnêtes Gens, in which he proposed a new calendar replacing the names of the Saints with those of the "benefactors of humanity" — philosophers, writers & scientists
1769 -- Napoleon Bonaparte, resident of Elba, lives.
1771 -- Walter Scott lives, Edinburgh. Scottish writer, a born storyteller & master of dialogue, one of the greatest historical novelists.
1785 -- Famous opium addict Thomas De Quincey lives, Manchester. Wrote Confessions of an English Opium-Eater
& studies about such German philosophers as Kant, Lessing, Richer. His influence in depicting nightmarish movements of mind is later seen in the works of Edgar Allan Poe & Charles Baudelaire.
See: Baudelaire et De Quincey
by G.T. Clapton; Thomas De Quincey, Literary Critic
by J.E. Jordan (1952); A Flame in Sunlight
by E. Sackville West (1936); The Mine & the Mint
by A. Goldman (1965).
1799 -- In Milan, Italy, Giuseppe Parini (Il giorno) dies.
1845 -- Walter Crane lives, Liverpool. Artist & libertarian socialist. Deeply influenced by Morris's pamphlet "Art & Socialism," Crane became involved in both the Art Workers' Guild & the Arts & Crafts Society. Like Morris, Crane created designs for wallpapers, printed fabrics, tiles & ceramics.
(A now famous collection of Crane's political cartoons, Cartoons for the Cause, was published as a souvenir of the International Socialist Workers & Trade Union Congress that met in London in 1896 (infamous for excluding all the anarchists there).)
Illustration: Walter Crane, The Capitalist Vampire, from "Justice Journal" (1885)
1847 -- México: Mutiny of volunteer US regiments invading northern México.
Patriotic regiments from Virginia, Mississippi, & North Carolina rebelled.
Deserters during this popular land grab totalled 9,207: 5,331 regulars, 3,876 volunteers. Those who did not desert became harder & harder to manage.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (February 1848), takes a mere third of México (some Americans insisting we take the whole country) & the US tosses $15 million bucks into the Mexican pot, leading the "Whig Intelligencer" to declare "we take nothing by conquest.... Thank God."
1870 -- France:
15 August 1870:
The Louise Michel takes part in a demonstration organized to protest yesterday's arrest of the Blanquists Eudes & Brideau. She carries a petition (begun by Michelet) in their favor, to General Trochu, military governor of Paris.
Source: [Michel Chronologie]
1870 -- US: Transcontinental Railway actually completed.
1871 -- Belgian novelist/short-story writer Stijin Streuvels dies in Ingooigem, near Courtrai.
1886 -- Germany: Karl Korsch lives, Tostedt. With the likes of Herman Gorter & Anton Pannekoek, a radical infantile left-communist according to Lenin.
1887 -- Novelist/playwright Edna Ferber lives, Kalamazoo, Michigan. She believes "The ideal view for daily writing, hour on hour, is the blank brick wall of a cold-storage warehouse. Failing this, a stretch of sky will do, cloudless if possible."
1888 -- Author of The Seven Pillars of Wisdom, T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia), lives, Wales. British archeological scholar, adventurer, military strategist, & writer.
... show more
1889 -- US: Emma Goldman arrives in New York City, meets Alexander Berkman at Sachs Restaurant.
1893 -- US: No longer allowed exclusive rights in Bering Sea.
1900 -- US: Riots erupt in NY City as a white plainclothes policeman is killed in a fight with an African-American man. The fourth racial riot in the city's history.
1901 -- Arch Rock, danger to Bay shipping, blasted with 30 tons of nitro. Triggers the 1906 earthquake.
1906 -- US: At the second meeting of the Niagara Movement at Harpers Ferry, W.E.B. DuBois demands equal citizenship rights for African-Americans, saying, "We will not be satisfied to take one jot or little less than our full manhood."
1906 -- US: First freight delivery tunnel system begins, lower Chicago.
1907 -- Spain: Carmen Conde lives (1907-1996), in Cartagena. Anarchist feminist activist, professor, poet.
1912 -- US: Yankee Guy Zinn sets record by stealing home twice in a baseball game.
1913 -- Ireland: Dublin General Strike & lockout.
1913 -- France: Anarchist Congress of the Fédération communiste-anarchiste révolutionnaire assembles in Paris (August 15-17) at Maison des syndiqués. Includes Yves Bidamant, Sébastien Faure, Jean Grave, Jane Morand, Henriette Tilly & Charles-Ange Laisant.
1914 -- Italy: Il ministro degli esteri inglese acconsente alle richieste dello stato italiano di compensi territoriali, ma i successi militari tedeschi sono, per il momento, estremamenti dissuasivi di una immediata entrata in guerra.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1917 -- Salvadoran religious leader Oscar Romero lives, Ciudad Barrios.
2003 Daily Bleed Saint OSCAR ROMERO
Salvadoran theologist of people's liberation, martyr.
Assassinated, like numerous Catholic priests, by US-supported death squads.
1918 -- Russia: The American 27th Infantry lands in Vladivostok ("to steady any efforts at self-defense in which the Russians themselves may be willing to accept assistance") & immediately spearheads a Japanese-initiated attack against Bolshevist forces.
1918 -- "The Sinking of the Lusitania," first feature length cartoon, released.
The US called the actual sinking a monstrous act, claiming the Lusitania carried an innocent cargo.
"Actually, the Lusitania was heavily armed: it carried 1,248 cases of 3-inch shells, 4,927 boxes of cartridges (1,000 rounds in each box), & 2,000 more cases of small-arms ammunition. Her manifests were falsified to hide this fact, & the British & American governments lied about the cargo."
— Howard Zinn, The Twentieth Century, p80.
1918 -- US: Librado Rivera et Ricardo Flores Magón sont condamnés à quinze et vingt ans de prison pour avoir publié le 16 mars 1918, dans le journal Regeneración le manifeste "Aux anarchistes du monde et aux travailleurs en général." Ils seront conduits au pénitencier de McNeil Island near Seattle.
[Details / context]
1920 -- Italy: In Florence, national meeting of Italian anarchists to intensify solidarity & agitation for victims of political repression.
Present are: Errico Malatesta & Clodoveo Bonazzi for the U.A.I.; Gigi Damiani, for the newspaper Umanità Nova; Diego Guadagnini for the "Libertarian Committee of Defense"; Dante Pagliai & Emilio Spinaci of the Milan "Committee For the Political Victims"; Giuseppe Sartini, for the U.S.I.; Domenico Giulietti for the "Federation of Sea Workers"; Andrea Pedrini & Cesare Stazzi for the "Labor market of Ancône"; Camillo Berneri for the "Federation of Young Revolutionaries" & Andrea Viglongo for the "Committee of the Turin Factory Councils".
1922 -- Leonard Baskin lives. American graphic artist, sculptor, founder of Gehenna Press, a small private press specializing in fine book production.
1923 -- Germany: Mid-August: Emma Goldman & her niece Stella are arrested by the Bavarian police following their arrival in Munich. Police allege that Emma conducted a secret mission in 1893 (during the period when she was imprisoned at Blackwell's Island). Both are ordered to leave Bavaria. Stella later returns to the US.
1925 -- Oscar Peterson lives, Montreal, Canada. Classically trained in the piano, works with top Canadian jazz bands until 1949, when he first appears in New York City's Carnegie hall. A jazz innovator who forges a synthesis of bop & swing into his own unique style.
[Sources on Canadian Jazz]
1928 -- Italy: Spartaco Stagnetti, a militant anarcosindicalista secretary, dies, while banished from Rome by the fascists to the island of Ustica. In 1920 he was attacked by fascists, setting off a General Strike. See Spartaco Stagnetti: un sindacalis, G. Manga (1991).
1931 -- Ernest Lassy completes longest canoe journey without port (6,102 miles).
1935 -- US: Willey Post & passenger Will Rogers killed in a plane crash, Point Barrow, Alaska.
Will Power?: We honor Will Rogers with a nuclear submarine, the USS Will Rogers SSBN 659, armed with 16 C-3 POSEIDON missiles having an explosive capability greater than all the bombs of World War II.
I don't make jokes. I just watch the government & report the facts.
— Will Rogers
There's no trick to being a humorist when you have the whole government working for you.
— Will Rogers
1935 -- Paul Signac dies (of "smallpox"?). French artist, pointillist (a technique some contemporary critics described as "painted confetti" or "artistic smallpox"). Best known for his his association with his fellow anarchistes Maximilien Luce, Félix Fénéon, Camille Pissarro & Georges Seurat. Close friend of Matisse, Marquet, Camoin, Valtat & Van Dongen, et al.
Like many artists & writers associated with the Neo-Impressionist group he was closely linked with the anarchist movement. One of the most interesting works of his career is a large canvas entitled The Wreckers of 1897-1899. Signac's pick-axe wielding wrecker was an open reference to his political engagement & his anarchist desire to fight against the old, corrupt order of society.
Profoundly anarchist, in 1914 Signac was quite shaken by Jean Grave & Peter Kropotkin when they came out in favor of Allied intervention in WWI (see the "Manifesto of the 16" / manifeste des 16) & was unable to paint for the next three years. Signac then joined the pacifists around Romain Rolland. Toward the end of his life he joined with other artists & intellectuals to fight the fascist movement.
1935 -- Italy: Pur di scongiurare l'aggressione italiana in Etiopia, il governo francese e quello inglese arrivano persino a ipotizzare un protettorato congiunto sull'Etiopia (paese facente parte della Società delle Nazioni) con la preponderanza amministrativa e militare dello stato italiano. Mussolini definisce il piano un tentativo di "umiliare l'Italia nel peggiore dei modi."
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1936 -- France: Toulouse, se tient le congrès constitutif d'une nouvelle organisation "La Fédération Anarchiste Française" (qui fait suite à une scission au sein de l'Union Anarchiste). Voline & André Prudhommeaux, qui éditent le journal Terre Libre en seront les principaux animateurs.
1938 -- Spain: Lincoln Brigade sent back to front, to Sierra Pandols southeast of Gandesa; the battalion strength is down to 300, with fewer than 100 Americans; they are bombarded by artillery & aircraft for 10 days, but hold Hill 66.
1939 -- US: "Wizard of Oz" premiers at Grauman's Chinese Theater, Hollywood.
1939 -- The fiftieth anniversary of Emma Goldman's entry into anarchist ranks; she organizes a celebration for September to mark the occasion & to create a long-term Spanish Relief Fund.
1945 -- US: Riot in San Francisco celebrating end of World War II.
"They wanted a riot, so they had one."
— Lou Reed
1947 -- Indian Independence Day proclaimed in India & Pakistan.
After two decades of nonviolent activism, India becomes the first major Third World country in the 20th century to win independence from colonial rule. Dozens more countries follow in the next 20 years.
1947 -- "I was born in the city of Bombay...once upon a time. No, that won't do, there's no getting away from the date: I was born in Doctor Narlikar's Nursing Home on August 15th, 1947. & the time? The time matters, too. Well then: at night. No, it's important to be more...On the stroke of midnight, as a matter of fact."
— From the evening lines of Midnight's Children, by Salman Rushdie
1951 -- US: New York, première of the "Living Theatre" a lieu au domicile même de Julian Beck et de Judith Malina, faute d'avoir pu trouver une salle et de l'argent pour financer le spectacle. Four pieces are performed: anarchist Paul Goodman
's "Childish Jokes"; Gertrude Stein's "Ladies' Voices"; Bertolt Brecht's "He who says yes & he who says no"; & Garcia Lorca's "The dialogue of the manikin & the young man." http://www.livingtheatre.org/
Sweden: Stieg Larsson, author & journalist, lives (d. 2004). Editor of the magazine Expo
, a member of the Communist Workers' League, & editor of the Trotskyist journal Fjärde internationalen
. A leading expert on antidemocratic right-wing extremist & Nazi organizations. He died in 2004, shortly after delivering the manuscripts for The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, The Girl Who Played with Fire
, & The Girl Who Kicked the Hornet's Nest
1963 -- US: 170 women sit-in to protest employment discrimination by bank, E. St. Louis, Illinois.
1963 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Governor Ross Barnett attempts to bar the graduation of James Meredith on grounds that the University of Mississippi's first black had violated a school order against inflammatory remarks.
1965 -- Chile: Founding of the MIR (Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria).
Originally the MIR was an attempt to create a strong anarcho-syndicalist movement, but in 1967 Marxist-Leninist's took over, polluting the MIR. Dedicated anarcho-syndicalists, Ernesto Miranda (leader of the Shoe Workers Union & once declared an "illustrious son" by Fidel Castro himself), Clotario Blest (Christian trade union leader) & their anarchist comrades quit.
1967 -- US: Martin Luther King, Jr. urges civil disobedience drive in northern cities & support of a peace candidate in 1968 (at Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Atlanta).
1967 -- US: Picasso's gift sculpture unveiled in Chicago. 162-ton bronze thingee
in Daley Plaza immediately across from a sculpture by Joan Miro.
A commodity has value ... A gift has worth.
— Lewis Hyde
"Give me a museum & I'll fill it."
— Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)
1967 -- Belgium's famed surreal painter Rene Magritte dies.
And we didn't find a sponsor to pay the license fees
for all the images presented on our site.
1967 -- US: Count Basie & his Orchestra & Chuck Berry at the Fillmore Auditorium.
1967 -- US: At a convention of the National Student Association, Allard K. Lowenstein & Curtis Gans formally launch the "Dump Johnson" movement—an effort to oppose the renomination of Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson.
Source: [Chicago '68: A Chronology]
1969 -- US: Temporary Autonomous Zone Woodstock Music & Art Fair opens for three days on Max Yasgur's farm in Bethel, New York.
Over 400,000 attend, most without tickets, prompting officials to say the festival is open & free. On stage come Jimi Hendrix, Santana, Sly & the Family Stone, The Who, the Grateful Dead, Joan Baez, Janis Joplin, Joe Cocker, Canned Heat, Crosby, Still Nash & Young & the Jefferson Airplane among others. Things that helped make Woodstock a unique event included, but were not limited to, rampant drug use, not enough food or sanitation, three deaths, two births & four miscarriages. Oh, & lack of cops.
1971 -- England: In solidaric response to internment, the Angry Brigade "Moonlighters Cell" bombs the army recruitment centre on Holloway Road, London.
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1971 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Dick M Nixon imposes 90-day wage-price freeze.
The freeze is in large part a response to the climate of worker unruliness & independence, typified by the defiant phone workers. Aside from related economic considerations, the freeze & the ensuing controls were adopted because the unions needed government help in restraining the workers. Sham strikes clearly lose their effectiveness if employees refuse to play their assigned roles remaining, for example, on strike on their own.
George Meany, AFL-CIO head, had been calling for a wage-price freeze since 1969, & in the weeks prior to August 15 held a number of very private meetings with Nixon. Though compelled to publicly decry the freeze as "completely unfair to the worker" & "a bonanza to big business," he did not even call for an excess profits tax; he did come out strongly for a permanent wage-price control board & labor's place on it, however.
See John Zerzan, Organized Labor versus "The Revolt Against Work"
1973 -- US bombing of Cambodia ends.
1975 -- US: Joanne Little — accused of murder in killing her jailer, in self-defense against rape — acquitted.
1982 -- Members of 7th International Nonviolent March swim across "closed" border between Spain & Gibraltar.
1991 -- US: Paul Simon plays a free concert at New York's Central Park in front of an estimated 750,000 people.
1995 -- China: Greenpeace action in Tiananmen, members from Europe & the USA unfurl a banner on Tian an Men Square in Beijing, reading "Stop all atomic testing, stop atomic testing in China." They are arrested, interrogated & deported.
US: Providence Anarchist Bookfair Fun! Books! Beer! Dancing! Revolution in the air! 1pm to 1am on Empire Street, Providence, Rhode Island.
"I came to America because of the great, great freedom which I heard existed in this country.
I made a mistake in selecting America as a land of freedom, a mistake I cannot repair in the balance of my lifetime."
— Albert Einstein, 1947
At the time of his death, the FBI dossier on Albert Einstein had grown to nearly 100,000 pages,
yet they contain not one scintilla of evidence indicating he was disloyal or involved in any subversive or criminal activity.