WALT WHITMAN Singer of the Body Electric, America's finest poet.
Ancient Rome: AMBARVALIA, no work; plows & tools wreathed in flowers. Silent processions, incense, chanting of priests, animal sacrifices to Ceres, Bacchus & others. Urns of the dead decked in flowers, followed by wine & noisy feasting.
England: Cotswold Games (moveable): celebrated around Whitsuntide with the erection of tents, dancing, leaping, tumbling & cudgel-play.
1538 -- New Old World: First of Hernando de Soto's 1,000 conquistadors land on Florida coast, beginning a three-year pillage in a fruitless search for gold.
1578 -- The Catacombs of Rome are discovered by accident.
1669 -- Troubled by failing eyesight, Samuel Pepys, 36, concludes his famous personal Diary. http://www.pepys.info/
1678 -- England: Tax protester Lady Godiva rides naked through Coventry.
1761 -- At his home, No. 6 Wine Office Court, Fleet Street, Oliver Goldsmith entertains Samuel Johnson at dinner — the start of a famous friendship. http://www.samueljohnson.com/
1779 -- US: By George!?: Beloved & Respected Leader General Comrade Cherry Tree Washington orders Iroquois suppressed.
A scorched-earth policy, in which dozens of villages were burned, follows. He orders General John Sullivan to invade the Iroquois Confederacy in New York. Washington tells Sullivan his mission is the capture of as many prisoners of every age & sex as possible:
"It will be essential to ruin their crops now in the ground & prevent their planting more."
During the next six months Sullivan carries out the most ruthless scorched-earth policy in US history. His army destroys 40 villages & burn thousands of fruit trees, vegetable gardens & an estimated 160,000 bushels of corn.
Today's orders are Washington's response to the Iroquois' alliance with Great Britain, but the British will offer the Indians no protection.
Bleedster Scott writes: Apropos Indian nicknames of George see:
1819 -- Walt Whitman lives (1819-1892). American poet, journalist, essayist & famous queer, best known for Leaves of Grass (1855), which has often been banned for "indecency." Worked as a nurse among Civil War wounded. The war affected him deeply, as reflected in Democratic Vistas. An inspiration to the Beats, anarchists & many many others.
"I am as bad as the worst, but thank God I am as good as the best."
1826 -- France: In Paris, the Tribunal Correctionnel de la Seine orders the destruction of Denis Diderot's novel, Jacques le Fataliste et son maître & sends the editor to jail for a month. Other works by Diderot also earned official censure for "insulting public morals" — La Religieuse (in 1824 & 1826), Bijoux Indiscrets (in 1835).
1836 -- France: Jean-Baptiste Clement (1836-1903) lives, in Boulogne. Communard & author of the famous song "The Time of Cherries." Clement was several times sent to prison for his writings & lampoons.
See the Daily Bleed, February 23, 1903.
1837 -- England: Giuseppe "Joey" Grimaldi (1779-1837), "Michelangelo of Buffoonery," dies. “The Garrick of the Clowns” – “The
Jupiter of the Practical Joke”.
One of the greatest & best-loved figures in the history of English Pantomime. His Memoirs of Joseph Grimaldi were edited by Charles Dickens.
1880 -- US: League of American Wheelmen forms in Newport, Rhode Island. The first national bicycle society organized in the US.
1884 -- US: Real Flake? Crackpot health nut Kellogg gets patent for manufacture of corn flakes.
1887 -- Saint-John Perse lives (1887-1975). French poet/diplomat, awarded the Nobel in 1960. Associated with Paul Valéry, Paul Claudel, & others of the Nouvelle revue française. Wrote Éloges, & Other Poems; Anabasis, translated by T.S. Eliot, Friendship of the Prince; Exile, & Other Poems. http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/perse.htm
1889 -- US: Johnstown Flood. 2,200 hundred people die as the South Fork Dam, long in a state of disrepair, finally broke, unleashing a 30-foot wall of water on the city of Johnstown, Pennsylvania.
1899 -- Leonid Leonov lives. Russian journalist, novelist & playwright. His novel The Russian Forest awarded 1957 Lenin Prize. His psychological portrayals are within in the tradition of Fyodor Dostoyevsky & reflect the doctrines of Socialist Realism.
1902 -- Boer War Ends; Treaty of Vereeniging signed, Britain annexes Transvaal.
1905 -- France: In Paris a bomb is tossed into a procession headed by French President Loubet & the king of Spain, Alphonse XIII. They were not hurt, but several people were wounded. The Spanish anarquista Alexander Farras (or Avino) was responsible, but never caught. Four anarchists, including Charles Malato, are arrested November 27, tried & acquitted of complicity in the attack. http://www.ephemanar.net/mai31.html
1906 -- Spain: An anarchist's bomb — a belated wedding gift — explodes following King Alfonso's wedding.
In Madrid the young anarchist Mateo Morral tosses a bomb (hidden in a bunch of flowers) at King Alphonso XIII's royal wedding party.
¡Tú fuiste en mi vida una llamarada
Por tu negro verbo de Mateo Morral!
¡Por su dolor negro! ¡Por su alma enconada,
Que estalló en las ruedas del Carro Real!...
alternate spelling: Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia; anarquistas, anarchismo, anarquista
1908 -- US: Mid-to-late May, Emma Goldman presents two lectures in Spokane: "What Anarchism Really Stands For" & "The Menace of Patriotism."
1910 -- US: A car in which Emma Goldman & Ben Reitman are riding is struck by a freight train in Spokane, Washington. Emma is thrown from the car & badly bruised. The plucky anarchist continues her speaking engagements, in Butte, Montana, Bismarck & Fargo, North Dakota; also travels through Milwaukee, Wisconsin & Chicago, Illinois.
1912 -- Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Henry 'Scoop' Jackson, US Senator from Boeing, lives. It is not true that "pooper scoopers" are named after him.
After Mount St. Helens blew her top a lot of ash fell in the Ritzville, Washington area. The clean-up entailed digging a giant pit east of town & filling it with the fall-out. It soon became known as the "Scoop Jackson Memorial Ashhole."
1916 -- During WW I British & German fleets fight Battle of Jutland.
1917 -- US: Emma Goldman speaks before a Jewish audience in Philadelphia on "Victims of Morality," addressing morality as it relates to private ownership, government & laws, & women. The police, always protecting the rights of free speech, warn her against speaking out against conscription when she begins to urge mothers to prevent their sons from fighting in the war. The event inspires the formation of a No-Conscription League in Philadelphia.
1921 -- US: Sacco & Vanzetti trial begins.
"Both Nick [Sacco] & I are anarchists — the radical of the radical — the black cats, the terrors of many, of all the bigots, exploitators, charlatans, fakers & oppressors. Consequently we are also the more slandered, misrepresented, misunderstood, & persecuted of all. After all we are socialists, as the social democrats, the socialists, the communists, & the IWW are all Socialists. The difference — the fundamental one — between us & all the other is that they are authoritarian while we are libertarian; they believe in a State or Government of their own; we believe in no State or Government."
Julian Beck lives, New York. Cofounder of the infamous Living Theatre, along with his partner Judith Malina.
Beck wrote & directed plays many plays throughout the course of his life. Julian led massive political demonstrations in NY in the 60s. All were involving peace. Julian Beck was a lifelong poet & anarchist.
"I CALL FOR A THEATRE IN WHICH THE ACTORS ARE LIKE VICTIMS BURNING AT THE STAKE, SIGNALING THROUGH THE FLAMES."
— Antonin Artaud
Julian published several books including: Poetry: Songs of the Revolution 1-35 (1963); 21 Songs of the Revolution (1969); Songs of the Revolution 36-89 (1974). See also his book, The Life of the Theatre (City Lights Books, 1972).
1931 -- US: "The Forward," a Yiddish socialist daily in New York, begins serialization of Emma Goldman's autobiography, Living My Life; Emma is dissatisfied with both the translation & editor Abraham Cahan's introductory reminiscence of her.
Barcelona, 31 de maig - 1 de juny.
Conferència regional de la CRTC (Confederació Regional del Treball de Catalunya).
In attendance, 250 delegats que representaven prop de 250.000 afiliats.
1940 -- A memorial meeting for Emma Goldman is held at New York's Town Hall, presided over by Leonard Abbott; films of Goldman in Spain, Canada, & of her funeral are shown; speakers include Norman Thomas, Rudolf Rocker, Roger Baldwin, Harry Kelly, Carlo Tresca, Eliot White, Rose Pesotta labor organizer & anarchist in the ILGWU, Martin Gudell, Dorothy Rogers, & Harry Weinberger.
1946 -- Rainer Werner Fassbinder lives. Controversial German director/playwright, attracted attention with politically committed & nonillusory work. His central themes were misuse of power & consequences of oppression.
Influenced by Jean-Luc Godard. Among his over 40 full-length films
are The Bitter Tears of Petra von Kant (1972), The Marriage of Maria Braun (1979), Lola (1981), Veronika Voss (1982), & the 14-part tv film Berlin Alexanderplaz (1980).
During his most prolific period (1969-76) Fassbinder made theatre productions in Munich, Bremen, Bochum, Nuremberg, Berlin, Hamburg, & Frankfurt, did four radio plays, & took roles in other director's films, including the title role in Volker Schlöndorff's Brecht adaptation Baal (1970).
Fast living & fast working, he died of drug overdose in Munich, age 36, on June 10, 1982. His death symbolically marks the end of the most experimental period of the German cinema since the 1920s.
1957 -- Playwright Arthur Miller is convicted for contempt of Congress for refusing to play snitch during the witchhunts conducted by HUAC. The conviction is overturned on appeal in 1958. John Steinbeck eloquently defended Miller in the June 1957 Esquire.
Miller once said he thought theater could "change the world," & notes that a playwright, "is one of the audience who happens to know how to speak."
"The Crucible,", which premiered in 1953, is a fictionalization of the Salem witch-hunts of 1692, but it also deals in an allegorical manner with the House Un-American Activities Committee. In a note to the play, Miller writes,
"A political policy is equated with moral right, & opposition to it with diabolical malevolence."
Dealing as it did with highly charged current events, the play received unfavorable reviews & Miller was cold-shouldered by many colleagues.
Generals Imbert & Wessin y Wessin, Dominican children of the School of the Americas, got fat, both, under protection of Trujillo. Later, both betray him.
After the death of Trujillo there were elections & the towns voted in mass for Juan Bosch. The Generals could not remain with arms crossed. Bosch refused to buy airplanes for the military; he announced agrarian reforms & allowed divorce & increased workers' wages.
Seven months The Very Red One lasted.
Generals Imbert & Wessin y Wessin & other generals seized power, a honeycomb of rich honey, with a military revolt at dawn.
The United States does not delay in recognizing the new government.
On June 1, protests spread to Denmark & Buenos Aires.
The next day the Yugoslav insurrection begins.
In Brazil, 16,000 students go on strike on June 6, followed by a large protest march in Geneva for democratization of the university. Even in Turkey, 20,000 students occupied the universities in Ankara & other cities.
[Details / context]
1969 -- Rolling Stone reports Frank Zappa is a lecturer on the college circuit, speaking at NYC's New School, UCLA, Villanova & the University of South Carolina. Gets $1,500 for speaking on such subjects as "Pigs, Ponies & Rock & Roll." http://RATNUT.tripod.com/
1970 -- At 03:23 PM, Yungay, Perú leveled by earthquake. (50-70,000 die).
1973 -- Greg Ruddue flies a paper airplane 1,126 yards.
1978 -- Hannah Höch (1889-), dies. German artist, photomontagist, Dadaist. Became involved in the Berlin Dada circle through Hausmann.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint, 2004
Dada's "Cut with the kitchen knife" collage prodigy.
1982 -- Canada: No 'Power to the People'? Vancouver Island: "Direct Action" group blows up BC hydro power substation.
1986 -- US: Biggest Death Row Escape: Six condemned men led by Linwood Briley overpower guards, steal uniforms, & escape Mecklenberg Correctional Center. All re-captured within three weeks, Boydton, Virginia.
1986 -- China: "18th day" of Chinese demonstrations; 100,000(?) in Tiananmen Square.
1995 -- MDMA, better known as Ecstasy — a kind of "baby acid" that has become the drug of choice among yuppies desperate for the artificial feeling of well-being it induces — is banned by the government.
1995 -- Vietnam: Government turns over 100 pages of maps & reports about US servicemen killed or captured during the war. An American veteran's map helps locate a mass grave of communist soldiers killed during the war.
In June Senators Kerry & John McCain say they plan to offer a Senate resolution approving normalized relations.
2000 -- Mexico City: Protesting teachers burn pamphlets at a fence around the Los Pinos presidential residence as riot police attempt to protect the building. Teachers from various Mexican states have been protesting for better wages & education reform since May 15.
2000 -- Argentina: 20,000 protesters take to the streets against £649m in spending cuts announced on the 29th.
2005 -- US: W. Mark Felt admits that he is Watergate source "Deep Throat."
"I spent 15 years in prison for being involved with the Angry Brigade...
La Lotta Continua!"
The Daily Bleed: Mateo Morral, Julian Beck, Rudolf Rocker, Roger Baldwin, Harry Kelly, Rose Pesotta, ILGWU, Martin Gudell, anarchist, anarquista, Emma Goldman, Carlo Tresca; black cats, Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, daybook, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, anarki, anarkist, libertarian, syndicalist, anarcho-syndicalist, anarcho-communism, What Happened on this day, in recovered memory, suppressed history MAY 31
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